EPA Bans Methylene Chloride Paint Removers

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a final rule to prohibit the manufacture (including import), processing, and distribution of methylene chloride in all paint removers for consumer use.

The Agency has taken this action because of the acute fatalities that have resulted from exposure to the chemical.

Assistant Administrator for Chemical Safety, Alexandra Dunn said: “This rule answers calls from many affected families to effectively remove these products from retail shelves and retail distribution channels, providing protection for the American public.”

In today’s final rule, EPA found risks to consumers to be unreasonable. Acute (short-term) exposures to methylene chloride fumes can rapidly cause dizziness, loss of consciousness, and death due to nervous system depression.

People have died after being incapacitated during paint and coating removal with methylene chloride. A variety of effective, less harmful substitutes are readily available for paint removal.

Paint removal products containing methylene chloride will not be able to be sold at any retail or distribution establishments that have consumer sales, including e-commerce sales.

Those prohibitions start 180 days after the effective date of the final rule, which provides time for establishments selling this chemical to consumers to come into compliance with EPA’s ban. EPA expects that many suppliers will implement the rule much sooner.

Consumers are also warned to avoid using methylene chloride for paint and coating removal.

EPA is also requiring manufacturers, processors, and distributors to notify retailers and others in their supply chains of the prohibitions and to keep basic records.

Once published, the final rule and supporting documents will be available in the Federal Register docket at: https://www.regulations.gov/ and by searching for EPA-HQ-OPPT-2016-0231.